finland air force hakenkreuz
Box contents Includes: Masking sheet Marketplace. Such brave souls of Bharat Mata who knows every minute of their life may become the last minute. 'MT-501' is in black and white. Additionally, it coordinates and leads the air defence of all Services. Just as their theory of Aryan racial purity is fanciful, so, too, their use of the swastika as an Aryo-Christian symbol, with aspects of anti-Judaism, anti-pacifism and anti-Marxism, is entirely arbitrary.. The Air Force monitors and secures the integrity of Finland's territory on a 24/7 basis. In times of crisis, the main task of the Air Force is defensive counter air operations. Finland Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina News Finland Portsmouth Naval Shipyard News ( search ) Finland Ramstein Air Base, Germany News ( search ) In 1963 the chain of the Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose was changed. 19201945 Preunifi ion The Canadian Air Force CAF was established in 1920 as the successor to a shortlived twosquadron Canadian Air Force that was formed during the First World War in Europe.John Scott Williams MC AFC was tasked in 1921 with organizing the CAF handing command over later the same year to Air Marshal Lindsay Gordon. Note how the original Hakenkreuz markings and yellow fuselage stripe have been painted out. The Finnish Air Force was founded on 6 March 1918. 1: 2: Chemical Warfare Platforms by Admin Dec 7, 2016 20:24:49 GMT: Civilian Aircraft. The FAF's main mission was to achieve air superiority over Finland and prevent Soviet air power from reinforcing their front lines. The Finnish Air Force was better prepared for the Continuation War. The Winter War began on 30 November 1939, when the Soviet Air Force bombed 21 Finnish cities and municipalities. The earliest known use of word “svastika” or “swastika” is found in the 6th century BC Sanskrit philologist Panini’s Ashtadhyayi. On 7 September 1920, two newly purchased Savoia flying boats crashed in the Swiss Alps en route to Finland, killing all on-board (three Finns and one Italian). 30 Soviet planes were captured – these were "kills" that landed more or less intact within Finland and were quickly repaired. Most notably, it was a fertility symbol in India and other countries, and has positive connotations in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and some other faiths.  Aryanisation, or say Nazification of an Indic symbol was complete. The Finnish Air Force shot down 1,621 Soviet aircraft while losing 210 of its own aircraft during the Continuation War.. Air Force Academy. Dornier Do 17s (received as a gift from Hermann Göring in 1942) and Junkers Ju 88s improved the bombing capability of the Finnish Air Force. He was however replaced on April 18, 1918, due to his unsuitability for the position and numerous accidents. Other countries, like South Africa and Denmark, sent aircraft to assist in the Finnish war effort. Current (misleading) nsfw. The first Finnish pilots were trained in Russia in the Imperial Army and the Russian military had a number of aircraft stationed in the country during WW1 as part of the Air Arm of the Imperial Russian Baltic Fleet, with Military Air Stations in Ahvenanmaa, Turku and Helsinki. Would the Ramesh, Singhvi and Tharoor pivot Congress to good sense? The base could operate three aircraft. In Finland, the Finnish Airforce units still wear a swastika on their Colours. The German Army of the Nazi era inherited its uniforms and rank structure from the Reichsheer of the Weimar republic (1921â1935), many of whose traditions went back to the Imperial Army of the German Empire and earlier. The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Finnish: Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Swedish: Flygvapnet) ("Air Weapon") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.Its peacetime tasks are airspace surveillance, identification flights, and production of readiness formations for wartime conditions. It was initially meant that the aircraft would be used to support the air operations of the Whites, but the aircraft ultimately proved unsuitable. Two of the Albatross aircraft were gifts from private citizens supporting the White Finnish cause, while the third was bought. * The 2nd Finnish aircraft in 13.3.1918 with swastikas on the chain of the Order - White Rose of Finland set up by Regent Mannerheim. It had been considerably strengthened and consisted of some 550 aircraft, though many were considered second-rate and thus "exportable" by their countries of origin. It was later given the Finnish Air Force designation F.2 ("F" coming from the Swedish word "Flygmaskin", meaning "aircraft").. What will a beggar do if he happens to get a car?  Common English words like dental, ginger, candy, zen, man, mind, rice, mandarin, son, daughter, father, mother, brother, and their other equivalents in other European languages came to be seen as having derived from Sanskrit or a proto-Sanskrit language. No weaponry of German construction or using German parts, Communication Flight, with L-70 Vinka, PC-12 NG, 2nd Flight, with Hawk Mk.51, Mk.51A, Mk.66, 3rd Flight, with Hawk Mk.51, Mk.51A, Mk.66, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 00:33. And yes, we won’t miss you. As a result of these tactics, the Finnish Air Force managed to shoot down 218 Soviet aircraft during the Winter War while losing only 47 to enemy fire. The bomber force was also strengthened with a number of captured Soviet bombers, which had been taken in large numbers by the Germans during Operation Barbarossa. The revisions were again revised in 1963 and Finland was allowed to buy guided missiles and a few bombers that were used as target-tugs. The two-letter code usually refers to the aircraft manufacturer or model, such as HN for F/A-18 Hornet, DK for Saab 35 Draken, VN for Valmet Vinka etc. The primary fighter aircraft was the Fokker D.XXI, a cheap but maneuverable design with fabric-covered fuselage and fixed landing gear. In 1945 the Air Force changed its national emblem to a roundel but the use of swastika in some other insignia was continued. The fighter squadrons were very successful in the Finnish offensive of 1941. The Good Swastika Making peace with the swastika does not mean making peace with Nazis past and present, nor with their hateful ideology – nor with their corrupted version of that symbol. To prevent their aircraft from being destroyed on the ground, the Finns spread out their aircraft to many different airfields and hid them in the nearby forests. The earliest known symbol appears on Palaeolithic carvings on mammoth ivory from the Ukraine, dated circa 12,000 BC.. The Russian military had a number of early designs stationed in the country, which until the Russian Revolution of 1917 had been part of the Russian Empire. Swastika is a Sanskrit word. The third most populous state of India, Bihar, has two swastikas on its emblem along with the name of the state in Urdu which is often seen as a language of Muslims. * Blue swastikas painted on the wings of an aircraft, and were a national insignia of the Finnish Air Force. As the line neared Tampere, the AFB was moved first to Orivesi and then to Kaukajärvi near Tampere as well. The centrality of India in Indo-European discourse gave way to the centrality of Europe and more particularly, German. Lange war das Hakenkreuz das Symbol der Luftwaffe in Finnland. Other types, especially the Italian Fiat G.50 and Curtiss Hawk 75, also proved capable in the hands of well-trained Finnish pilots. On 24 February 1918 five aircraft arrived to Viipuri, and were quickly transferred to Riihimäki. Amidst all clamour of Aryo-German superiority, there were a few saner voices but were generally sidelined amidst chauvinistic cacophony. After leading Finnish politicians held unofficial talks with their Swedish counterparts, Sweden began storing surplus Saab 35 Drakens, which were to be transferred to Finland in the event of a war with the Soviet Union.  Considered as great grandfather of linguistics, Panini used swastika to illustrate a particular sound of letter a. The primary mission of the Air Force Academy is to train conscripts and active duty personnel for air defense tasks. And thus many forms of crosses including dreaded hakencreuz came to be known as swastika. This glorious tale of resilience, patriotism and victory is not told in our school text books, our public discourse has no place for Rajput victories. Swastika can be interpreted in many ways but can itself not be defined or fully decoded, rendering it an enthralling sign. The armoured cars that were embargoed by the Finnish white troops during the independence War 1918 were painted with a swastika. Emile Burnouf, the key person responsible for the adoption of Swastika as an Aryan symbol, claimed that Christianity derived from Aryan panthesim while Judaism, a monotheistic religion, was the religion of a lesser race. Germany has been de-nazified but when will the symbol be? Finland was part of the Russian empire from 1809 until the Russian Revolution in 1917 and the first steps in Finnish aviation were taken with Russian aircraft. To cut a long story short, Swastika which began life as an auspicious symbol in Indic religions, found itself associated to various other similar non-Indic symbols consequent to Schliemann’s discovery of lost city of Troy in 1871. Close. 29 Swedes (16 pilots, two observers and 11 mechanics). The latest colour of this pattern was inaugurated by president Tarja Halonen 25 October 2005 for the newly formed Air Force Academy. Swedish count Eric von Rosen gave the Finnish White government its second aircraft, a Thulin Typ D. Its pilot, Lieutenant Nils Kindberg, flew the aircraft to Vaasa on 6 March 1918, carrying von Rosen as a passenger. The swastika was also used by the Finnish Air Force until 1945, and is still used in air force flags. Of all symbols, Indian Swastika is the most adopted, most adapted and most pleasing to eye. It was a reconnaissance gathering mission as the front line moved south. Captured Tupolev SBs, Ilyushin DB-3s, and Polikarpov I-153s were reconditioned for service. Retrieved 2008-12-22. Swastika is easy to draw, can be moulded in many other shapes with artistic creativity and is exquisitely graceful. Among these were that the Finnish Air Force were to have: These revisions followed Soviet demands closely. The main Wing bases are at Rovaniemi, Tampere and Kuopio-Rissala, each with a front-line squadron. The MoD has estimated that the programme will cost somewhere between 7-10 billion Euros. ], who donated the first plane to the Finnish "White Army" during the Finnish Civil War. Air Force Command Finland (AFCOMFIN), at Jyväskylä–Tikkakoski, is the command headquarters of the Commander of the Air Force, and in that capacity is responsible for the direction of Finland's air defense under normal conditions and during times of crises. This day has since been the memorial day for fallen pilots. While the FAF was successful in its mission, the conditions were not easy. The answer is self-evident. The white circular background was created when the Finns painted over the advertisement from the Thulin air academy. The goal is to start the fighter candidates’ environmental testing in Finland in 2019. , Note: Three C-17 Globemaster III's are available through the Heavy Airlift Wing based in Hungary.. Hitler himself used the term Hakenkreuz for that dreaded symbol of hate which happened to have similarity with swastika. Satakunnan lennoston organisaatio.  A number of Swastikas has been found in sites of Indus Valley Civilization, the most extensive of ancient civilizations of the world as well as on the oldest coinage of India.. The tursaansydän is used by scouts in some instances and a student organization. One school however posited that Indo-Aryan was more properly a racial identity, not a linguistic one, which originated in ancient Germany or Scandavania. In Finland the swastika was used as the official national marking of the Finnish Air Force and Army between 1918 and 1944. Last year, a bill was introduced in New York Senate to mandate compulsory education in all schools to the “meanings of swastika,” a symbol of ‘hate.’ Swastika was bundled with noose, “a symbol of racism and intimidation’’ in the bill. The F.1 aircraft was destroyed in an accident, killing its crew, not long after it had been handed over to the Finns. Similarly, what could a hate monger like Hitler do or could have done with a ubiquitous and exquisitely graceful symbol that was open to interpretations? Royal Canadian Air Force Wikipedia. Current (misleading) nsfw. There were no overall headquarters, but the individual units served under the commander of the individual front line. The symbol is still used in the official emblem of the Finnish Air Force, and Finns are generally just fine with that. Swastika-like images have been found throughout ancient cultures. Deracination and misusing of an otherwise auspicious and ornamental symbol has caused affront to more than 1.70 billion people adhering to Indic religions like Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The bomber units flew assorted missions with varying results, but a large part of their time was spent in training, waiting to use their aircraft until the time required it. During the Civil War the White Finnish Air Force consisted of: The air activity consisted mainly of reconnaissance sorties. Voltaire, for instance, was convinced that everything that is important for civilization like astronomy, astrology, metempsychosis, etc. Up till then … In Finnish use, the Brewster had a victory rate of 32:1 – 459 kills to 15 losses. At the start of the war, the air force had in it's stocks 3,9 million liters of fuel. The insignia of the Finnish Air force 1918â1945 Swedish-origin swastika in military The Finnish Air Force uses the swastika as an emblem, introduced in 1918. Aircr…  It is auspicious for other Indic religions too. Soon after the declaration of independence the Finnish Civil War erupted, in which the Soviets sided with the Reds – the socialist rebels with ties to the Bolshevik Party. The Heer as the German army and part of the Wehrmacht inherited its uniforms and rank structure from the Reichsheer of the Weimar Republic (1921â1935). The Finns constructed many decoys and built shrapnel protection walls for the aircraft. , On 22 September 1990, a week before the unification of Germany, Finland declared that the limiting treaties were no longer active and that all the provisions of the Paris Peace Treaties were nullified. The overall scheme is of light blue undersides with possibly grey-green upper surfaces and mottling. Just here to remember that was the flag of the Finnish air force until this year. The overall scheme is of light blue undersides with possibly grey-green upper surfaces and mottling. भारत में व्याप्त सामाजिक असामानता केवल एक वर्ग विशेष के साथ जिसे कि दलित कहा जाता है के साथ ही व्यापक रूप से प्रभावी है परंतु आर्थिक असमानता को केवल दलितों में ही व्याप्त नहीं माना जा सकता।, एक सफल शासन की नींव समुद्रगप्त ने अपने शासनकाल में ही रख दी थी इसीलिए गुप्त सम्राटों का शासन अत्यधिक सफल रहा। साम्राज्य की दृढ़ता शांति और नागरिकों की उन्नति इसके प्रमाण थे।. The type of swastika adopted by the air-force was the symbol of luck for the Swedish count Eric von Rosen, who later became a prominent figure in the Swedish nazi-movement. The swastika was also used by the Finnish Air Force until 1945, and is … In Indian sub-continent, it can be located from pre-Harappan times to the date. The Finnish Air Force included numerous American, British, Czechoslovakian, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Soviet, and Swedish designs. In January 1918 the Whites did not have a single aircraft, let alone pilots, so they asked the Swedes for help.  Curiously, overflying Soviet towns and bases was also forbidden, as to avoid any unneeded provocations and to spare equipment. 3: 17: Gaming Timelines by Admin Feb 4, 2017 22:50:11 GMT: Miscellaneous Profiles. Results with this fighter were very good, even though the type was considered to be a failure in the US Navy and with British and Dutch Far East forces. The Reds did not have any pilots themselves, so they hired some of the Russian pilots that had stayed behind. None of our partner shops or mates has this currently for sale. It was used as the symbol of the Finnish Air Force until 1945. To make up for its weaknesses (few and obsolete fighters) the FAF mainly focused on attacking enemy bombers from directions that were disadvantageous to the enemy. The primary mission of the Air Force Academy is to train conscripts and active duty personnel for air defense tasks. The nation of Finland fields a modestly-sized air force stocked with modern equipment from foreign suppliers. Although the signing of the Moscow Treaty in March 1940, which ended the Winter War, guaranteed Finland her borders with the Soviet Union, the Finnish Government remained uncertain of Soviet intentions towards the independence of Finland. Finland's current fleet of 64 US F-18 Hornets is estimated to have seven to twelve years left in operation. They had 12 aircraft in all. The end of World War II, and the Paris peace talks of 1947 brought with it some limitations to the FAF. In October 2019, the government of Finland stipulated a budget ceiling of €10 billion for the HX fighter programme.. The Finnish Air Force did not bomb any civilian targets during either war. The mischief arising from the promiscuous use of technical terms is very great. Soviet air raids on Finnish airfields usually caused little or no damage as a result, and often resulted in interception of the attackers by the Finns as the bombers flew homeward. The words Arya or Aryan come from the Vedas and Avesta scriptures to designate Indo-Aryan people. Jesus Christ, an Aryan, was crucified on Swastika in fact.. The use of svastika symbol however predates its name, and was not limited to Indian subcontinent alone. Comment. It was also adopted in the GW as a symbol of the Independent Finnish Air force, because Count Von Rosen had it on his aircraft as a symbol of good luck, and the Air force adopted it. I just find it weird. When will the symbol be contextualized back into the history of tradition with right connotations? The von Rosen aircraft was given the designation F.1. Soviet fighters were usually superior in firepower, speed and agility, and were to be avoided unless the enemy was in a disadvantageous position. In 1950 Air Defense Command selected Finland, Minnesota site as one of twenty-eight radar stations built as part of the second segment of the permanent radar surveillance network. King Nero of Rome versus King Nero – Rahul Gandhi of Congress, वीरता व शौर्य के प्रतीक महाराजा सूरजमल: जिन्होंने 80 युद्ध लड़े, लेकिन कोई राजा नहीं हरा पाया, धोखा देकर उनके बलोचिस्तान को फिर से गुलाम बना दिया, Daredevil of Indian Army: Para SF Major Mohit Sharma’s who became Iftikaar Bhatt to kill terrorists, The story of Lord Jagannath and Krishna’s heart, गुप्त काल को स्वर्ण युग क्यों कहा जाता है, How Maharana Pratap defeated Mughals: The untold History, Letter from Max Müller to Heinrich Schliemann, quoted in Schliemann, Ilios, London, 1880. The Soviet Union is estimated to have had about 5,000 aircraft in 1939, and of these, some 700 fighters and 800 medium bombers were brought to the Finnish front to support the Red Army's operations. I'd of expected the soviets to force … had originated from the banks of the Ganges. I'm not sure if they copied Germany or it was pure coincidence. The Imperial Russian Air Force used large numbers of seaplanes, but at least in the Gulf of Finland, the bases in Finland were subsidiary to the large seaplane base in Reval (Tallinn). The Germans brought several of their own aircraft, but they did not contribute much to the overall outcome of the war. This insignia was everywhere–on the party’s flag, badge, armband. The swastika was a part of the von Rosen coat-of-arms. Sgt. User generated chapter of OpIndia. Norman Brown, The Swastika, A Study of Nazi Claims of its Aryan Origin, New York, 1933. Arya itself means a noble one. Heinrich Schliemann made it popular in the late 19th Century because he discovered it in Troy and other sites. The aircraft made a stop at Kokkola and had to make a forced landing in Jakobstad when its engine broke down. The following is a list of military aircraft of Finland, both historical and currently in use by the Finnish Defence Forces 1918–1937. Anti-Nazism is at fault too by perpetuating this misplaced and pre-conceived notion by constantly linking the symbol with Nazism. Despite this official stance, however, one Morane-Saulnier Parasol, and three N.A.B.  The old name of India is Aryavart and gives rise to name Iran. It is a widely-used religious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Swasti means well being, swastika means asking the well - being of the gods. In Finland the swastika was often used in traditional folk art products, as a decoration or magical symbol on textiles and wood. Large-scale destruction and treasures left behind there had a parallel theme with Vedic battles of the Aryas. Rational nomenclature demanded that a name with a history of thousands of years be assigned to the symbol. Join Date: Feb 2013; Posts: 2472 #5. The blue swastika was the good luck symbol used by the Swedish Count Erich von Rosen[? Hitler’s ascent to power took the belief in racial supremacism to a new level. The tursaansydän is used by scouts in some instances and a student organization. Older models, such as the Fokker D.XXI and Gloster Gladiator, had been replaced with new aircraft in front-line combat units. It is a sign of good fortune, peace, prosperity, benediction and blessing, and all thoughts and deeds noble–a sign of Arya (meaning noble). He made it a symbol of hate. From a laundry company to a shipping company; from a national air force to a war committee, swastika was ubiquitous much before Hitler was even born. Albatros aircraft from the Nordiska Aviatik A.B. Have a good last few days 2020. Spare parts for the FAF planes were scarce — parts from the US (Buffalo and Hawk), Britain (Hurricanes), and Italy (G.50) were unavailable for much of the war. Posted by 1 day ago. The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Finnish: Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Swedish: Flygvapnet) ("Air Weapon") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces. Their air operations suffered from bad leadership, worn-out aircraft, and the un-motivated Russian pilots. The machine was flown by Finland's third ranking ace Major Eino Luukkanen who ended the war with 54 kills. Ask Nazis! The machine was flown by Finland's third ranking ace Major Eino Luukkanen who ended the war with 54 kills. 8: 178: Water Bombers by Admin Nov 27, 2020 20:08:27 GMT: Armour Profiles The swastika was a part of the von Rosen coat-of-arms. It led to Indo-Aryanism and a belief in the superiority of Aryan race.  In public imagination too, swastika has, in a way, become onomatopoeic with the horrors of Nazism. In 2020 it was reported that the FAF had "quietly stopped" using the symbol in the emblem of the Air Force Command..  Responses were received from all five participants in November 2016. The first war sortie was flown on March 1, 1918 over Naistenlahti. Finland File:Presidential Standard of Finland.svg File:Rv1007 s11 lentosotakoulu.jpg Finland might be a notable exception amongst the modern Western countries regarding the public attitude towards the swastika. It still appears in various medals and decorations, the most famous being the … But do we really know the significance of this temple and the story behind the incomplete idols of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Maa Shubhadra? We don't know about any in-box reviews for this Finland (Finnish) WWII Swastika (#MM24050K) from Maketar. The symbol was already very well-known in the Western world long before the National Socialist German Workers Party (aka the Nazis) appropriated it and tilted it at a 45-degree angle to make their own symbol. This thought of school was very popular in Germany, and gained quite academic respectability after the defeat of Germany in World War I. Four Russian pilots and six mechanics also arrived to Tampere. Norman Brown, Professor of Sanskrit at the University of Pennsylvania, declaimed in his pamphlet, The Swastika, a Study of Nazi Claims of its Aryan Origin:The present Nazi claims are untenable. Finland's Air Force wants to retire its fleet of F/A-18 Hornet jets over the next 10 years. There were few alterations and adjustments made as the army grew from a limited peacetime defense force of 100,000 men to a war-fighting force of several million men. The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Finnish: Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Swedish: Flygvapnet) ("Air Weapon") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.Its peacetime tasks are airspace surveillance, identification flights, and production of readiness formations for wartime conditions. So when Hitler informed the Finns of his impending invasion of the Soviet Union they readily cooperated with Germany to secure the contested Karelian region and the strategically important ce… The Finnish air force also had a blue swastika on their aircraft. Just here to remember that was the flag of the Finnish air force until this year. Post Cancel. These aircraft could have secondary roles. None of our partner shops or mates has this currently for sale. This policy resulted in a very diverse aircraft inventory, which caused some major logistical problems until the inventory became more standardized. It is a word of Indian origin, and has its history and definite meaning in India. Of the pilots, only 4 had been given military training, and one of them was operating as an observer. Just here to remember that was the flag of the Finnish air force until this year.  In public imagination too, swastika has, in a way, become onomatopoeic with the horrors of Nazism. Zur Luftwaffe soll das Hakenkreuz gekommen sein, als der schwedische Graf Eric von Rosen 1918 Finnland ein Flugzeug schenkte, das ein blaues Hakenkreuz zierte. Significantly, around 1800 symbols similar to swastika were found on excavated objects there. Selected articles submitted here are published at main English or Hindi websites of OpIndia. Skip to content. Some Army units use the symbol too, most notably the Utti Jaeger Regiment (Finland's Special Forces). The fact that it was used to explain a certain grammar rule more than 2500 years ago, demonstrates that the symbol was well assimilated and widely known and used in Ancient India. To offset their gradual decommission, the Nordic nation has five replacement contenders on its radar: the F-35 (Lockheed Martin), the F/A-18 Super Hornet (Boeing), the Gripen E (Saab), the Rafale (Dassault) and the Eurofighter Typhoon. From March 10, 1918, the Finnish Air Force was led by the Swedish Lt. John-Allan Hygerth. factory with funds gathered by the Finlands vänner ("Friends of Finland") organization. In his own words, in the Hakenkreuz lay the mission of the struggle for the victory of the Aryan man. Theory met evidence. An extensive questionnaire had been sent out the producers asking what their products can offer Finland in form of capabilities, cost, security of supply and the domestic industry's role, as well as security and defence policy impacts. It seems like the Reds also operated two aircraft over the Eastern front. One of the Finnish Jägers, Lieutenant Bertil Månsson, had been given pilot training in Imperial Germany, but he stayed behind in Germany, trying to secure further aircraft deals for Finland. The swastika symbol was used by the Lotta Svärd; a womenâs paramilitary organization from Finland. The Air Force protects the nation's vital assets and functions from air attacks. A photograph of this plane can be found in the book by Shores 1969, p. 4.  The buying decision is scheduled to take place in 2021. Hitler himself finalized this insignia. The swastika was also used by the Lotta Svard organisation. It is time to remember the warning of Max Muller so as to bring to an end this mindless association: I do not like the use of the word Svastika outside India. This led to a diverse inventory of Soviet, British, Swedish, French and Finnish aircraft. In one sense, it is also equivalent of ‘amen.’ With various meanings, Swastika is still more than sum of all its meanings. Swastika can also be viewed as a combination of male (Shiva) and female principles (Shakti) glued into one.
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